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As a developing nation, India has observed endless social problems, one leading to the other. What according to you are the major social problems in India?

asked 10 Dec '12, 09:10

Raman's gravatar image

accept rate: 74%

edited 11 Dec '12, 00:35

many people in india had no food to eat............ but in the other hand so many of the people having good food,bunglos,bank balance......... what is the cause of this?????? every citizen must think of thiss!!!!!!!

(10 Aug '13, 03:35) Jos Raj

Ramachandra Guha - Ten Reasons why India will not and must not become a Superpower [YouTube]. Ramachandra Guha starts explaining the 10 major challenges from 12 min 30 secs onwards.

Those challenges (problems) are

  1. Left Wing Maoist Insurgency (includes tribals, naxalites etc.)
  2. Currently recessive but ever present Right Wing Religious Fundamentalists (includes BJP, the RSS etc)
  3. Decline and corruption of democratic centre and Conversion of Political parties into family firms.
    No person in our country is a stranger to the corruption that prevails in our country today. We may be trying to set everything right using tools like LokPal but the required efforts go much beyond that. At the same time, everyone is familiar with the family business called ‘Political Party‘. While, these Parties were born with genuine problems to be addressed, their heirs seem to have somewhat lost track. (e.g. Kanimozhi, suspect in 2G Scam, is the daughter of DMK supremo M. Karunanidhi)
  4. Degradation of Public Institutions
  5. Growing gap between the Rich and Poor.
  6. Rapid pace of Domestic Environmental Degradation
    Some of which include
    • Rates of pollution in Indian Cities amongst the highest in the world
    • Major Rivers are dead
    • Short Sighted agricultural policies which have led to groundwater level depletion below safe limits.
    • Waste disposal (which includes Nuclear Disposal)
  7. Apathy of the Media
    The Indian media, which had a major role in nurturing nationalism during the time of Independence and in furthering the idols of Indian Democracy post-independence, plays a less than optimal role in addressing the present day issues. Media is more concerned about readership, TRP and wealth and concentrates unnecessarily on Celebrities and Superstardom.
  8. Political Defragmentation & Policy Incoherence Though, it is justified to say that two party or three party system cannot take care of each community and represent each problem effectively. But today, because of the huge number of such parties, at the time of election, it is very unlikely that a single party will form a clear majority. Hence, the parties require coalition with smaller parties. These small parties tend to ask for most profitable ministries in return of the coalition. The Multiparty coalition is a constraint against rational far sighted policy making. It merely becomes the gateway to corruption in the government.
  9. Unreconciled Border lands While the majority of Indians are proud to call themselves Indian, there are few people from states like Kashmir, Nagaland and Manipur, who are more inclined towards converting these states into independent nations.
  10. Extremely Unstable Neighbourhood

Addressing these problems is the first step towards building the Modern India that we dream of.

Since, most of these problems can only be addressed by the state, the role of the citizens is to choose the right people to represent them i.e. the right politicians. Additionally, The citizens and the media need to create awareness about the same and ensure that due attention is given to it by the state.


answered 11 Dec '12, 00:21

Raman's gravatar image

accept rate: 74%

edited 11 Dec '12, 00:30

Below are some point mention by Justice Markandey Katju in his blog -

We are suffering from the present evils of massive poverty, unemployment, price rise, corruption, farmer’s suicides, child malnutrition, absence of health care and good education, casteism etc.

"Today there is no doubt that India is a poor country. While there are some pockets of affluence, about 80% of our people are afflicted with poverty, unemployment and other evils, and one major cause of this is the mental backwardness of a large part of our people. (though there are also brilliant people like the Indian scientists and engineers in Silicon Valley)

Consider the following:

  1. When most of our people go to vote they cast their votes on the basis of caste or religion, not the merit of the candidate. What else is the meaning of vote banks? And this is exploited by some unscrupulous politicians who know how to manipulate and manage these vote banks. That is why many persons with criminal backgrounds get elected.

  2. ‘Honour’ killings are common in many parts of the country. This is a barbaric practice, and shows how backward many of us still are.

  3. Dowry deaths are common in India, and as a former Judge I can tell you that our courts have a large number of cases of young married women who are murdered in a barbaric manner by their in laws for not getting dowry e.g. by pouring petrol on them and setting them on fire.

  4. Scheduled castes are still often treated inhumanly, and an example is the recent attack on dalits in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu.

  5. Female foeticide is common in many parts of India. Often when a male child is born the relatives are happy and distribute sweets, but when a female child is born often relatives get dejected. This is also a sign of backwardness among many of us.

  6. Communalism, which was almost non-existent in 1857, is widespread in our society today. Muslims often face discrimination in getting jobs, houses on rent, etc, as the Justice Sachar Committee report has highlighted. Muslims are often falsely implicated in bomb blasts and they have to spend years in jail though ultimately found innocent.

    As I mentioned, upto 1857 communalism was almost non-existent in India. There were no doubt differences between Hindu and Muslims, but there was no enmity between them. In the Mutiny of 1857 Hindus and Muslims jointly fought against the British. After crushing the Mutiny the British decided that the only way to control India was divide and rule. Consequently, the policy came from London to create hatred between Hindus and Muslims. The British Collector used to secretly call the Panditji and gave him money to speak against the Muslims, and similarly he gave money to the Maulvi Saheb to speak against Hindus. All communal riots began after 1857. The communal award in the Minto-Morley ‘Reforms’ of 1909 introduced separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims. Year after year, decade after decade, the communal poison was injected by the British into our body politic, and even after 1947 there are elements which continue this (see online ‘History in the Service of Imperialism’ and my article ‘What is India’ on my blog

    Certain agent provocateurs take advantage of our backwardness to incite communal riots, and unfortunately many people fall prey to these evil designs and get emotionally carried away by communal propaganda and fight with each other.

  7. Superstition is rampant in India. Most people believe in astrology, which is pure superstition and humbug. And it is not just the illiterates who believe in it, it is also most of the so called educated people in India. Many Ministers and Judges prefer to take oath of office at the ‘auspicious’ time.

    A few years back it was announced that Lord Ganesh is drinking milk, and there was a rush of people to offer milk to Ganesh. Earlier, a ‘miracle’ chapati was circulating.

  8. A large section of the media, taking advantage of the backwardness of a large section of our people, dishes out lives of filmstars, cricket, etc as if these are the real issues before the people, when the real issues are socio-economic.

As I said above, when I called most people(not all) fools I did not wish to harm them, rather it was just the contrary. I want India to become a prosperous country, but this is possible only when the mindset of a large number of people changes, and their minds are rid of casteism, communalism, superstitions, and other backward ideas and they become scientific and modern.

By being modern I do not mean wearing a nice suit or a beautiful sari or skirt. By being modern I mean developing a modern mind, which means a rational mind, a scientific mind, and a questioning mind. As already stated above, at one time we led the whole world in science and technology, but today we are undoubtedly far behind the West and even China. How did this happen? Why were we left behind, why did we not have an Industrial Revolution like Europe? This is known as ‘Needham’s Question’ or ‘Needham’s Grand Question’, named after Prof. Joseph Needham of Cambridge University (1900-1995). It is high time Indians try to answer this question, instead of trying to evade the reality of the backwardness of most of us.

The worst thing in life is poverty, and 80% of our people are poor, which is largely because of the mental backwardness of most (not all) of us. To abolish poverty we need to spread the scientific outlook to every nook and corner of our country. It is only then that India will shine. And until that happens the vast majority of our people will continue to be taken for a ride."


answered 10 Dec '12, 23:31

Raman's gravatar image

accept rate: 74%

edited 11 Dec '12, 00:29

According to Aam Aadmi Party on the site with the team members name working on the issues.

  1. Decentralisation through Swaraj
  2. Electoral Reforms
  3. Police Reforms
  4. Judicial Reforms
  5. Agricultural Policy
  6. Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation
  7. School Education for All
  8. Universal Health Provision
  9. Minority Affairs
  10. Language Policy
  11. Naxalite Question

answered 26 Mar '13, 02:18

Rupali's gravatar image

accept rate: 57%

here is the list of major problems in india, 1. Corruption 2. poverty 3. population 4. unemployement 5. Naxalism 6. Caste related violence full list here


answered 22 Mar '13, 14:07

Janmeet%20Kaur's gravatar image

Janmeet Kaur
accept rate: 0%

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Asked: 10 Dec '12, 09:10

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Last updated: 12 Aug '13, 11:45
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